Virtual Currencies

Published 12.06.2019

State of play: non-legislative phase

Level 1


  • 26 May 2016, the Parliament adopted a resolution on virtual currencies.
  • 19 April 2018, the Parliament adopted the fifth anti-money laundering directive (AMLD V), which included new measures related to virtual currencies.


  • On 19 December 2019, the Commission launched a consultation on an EU regulatory framework for crypto assets.

Level 2

  • On 2 June 2016, ESMA launched a three-month consultation on distributed ledger technology applied to securities markets.


Level 3

  • 12 February 2018, the ESAs published a joint statement to warn customers on the risks of buying virtual currencies.


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